June 29 , 2019.



Papua New Guinea , Manam :

Second PNG volcano eruption in days stretches scarce humanitarian resources

A second volcano has erupted in Papua New Guinea just days after the eruption of Mount Ulawun sent thousands fleeing, sparking fears that scarce humanitarian resources will be stretched even thinner.


Manam Island is one of PNG’s most active volcanoes and is home to roughly 9,000 people
An estimated 15,000 people have been evacuated in West New Britain province
The provincial government has allocated 2.5 million kina, just over $1,000,000
About 15,000 people are expected to be affected by the first eruption, which began on Wednesday.
Prime Minister James Marape said defence forces would be deployed to assist in the relief work.

A second volcano on the island of Manam in the Madang Province began to erupt with a ‘thundering noise’ at around 1:00am Friday (local time), Manam islander Bill Sauba told the ABC.
By 5:00am thick smoke and ash was filling the sky.
« The situation is still continuing … the ash is still falling, » Mr Sauba said.
« There is ashfall covering about 6 villages because of the wind direction. »


Manam Island, just 10 kilometres wide, is one of the Pacific nation’s most active volcanoes and is home to roughly 9,000 people.
Eruptions happen frequently, but Mr Sauba said emergency response teams usually take a long time to respond.
« The usual process is one week — you know after we are all dead — then maybe they come and take reports. »
Humanitarian resources already strained after Ulawun

Steve Saunders, principal geodetic surveyor for the Rabaul Volcano Observatory, said although the eruption calmed down Thursday, they will continue to monitor it closely.
« Usually volcanos do start very violently … we may get some resumption of activity because the conduit has been opened but hopefully that will be less violent, » he told ABC.
« At the moment it’s very quiet, and hopefully it will stay that way. »

Local provincial disaster officials have declared a state of emergency and are making plans for evacuated people to remain in care centres for between three and five months.
The provincial government has allocated 2.5 million kina, just over $1 million.
The provincial government in West New Britain is also seeking financial assistance from the national government, local media reported, but PNG Finance Minister, Charles Abel said that could prove difficult.

« One of the issues we face in our budgeting process is to capture an amount that is sufficient to deal with natural disasters, » Mr Abel told Parliament on Thursday.

Ulawun is the highest and steepest of all the volcanoes in PNG, according to the Papua New Guinea Geological Survey.
While Ulawun has produced small eruptions periodically for the past few decades, the last eruptions of this scale occurred in September 2000 and again in May 2001.

Manam erupted three times last year — in August, September and December — and twice in January.

Source : mobile.abc.net.au.

Photos : Bob Lape ( Ulawun ) , Chris Samson (Ulawun ) , les deux via Shérine France , Jhay Mawengu ( Manam).


Mexico , Colima :

Weekly Technical Bulletin of the Colima Volcano Activity, Date: 28 June 2019 Bulletin No. 127.

Seismic activity:
Last week, 24 high frequency events (HF), 6 long period events (LPs), 7 landslides, 3 low intensity explosions and 25.7 min low amplitude tremors were automatically recorded. A low-intensity explosion was recorded on 21 June at 01:44 (06.44 UTC) at the INCA station located 1.9 km from the volcano crater.

Visual observations:
During the reporting period, small explosions and intermittent emissions of steam and gas, mainly from the northeast crater, continue to be recorded. The visibility this week has decreased considerably, which allowed to observe the volcano only in a short time.
When cloudiness permitted, the fixed thermal camera located south of the volcano detected thermal anomalies related to the smoking activity that occurred during the last week.

No SO2 flow measurements were performed during the last week.

Remote perception:
No thermal anomalies detected by the MIROVA satellite system were observed during the last week.

The volcano maintains an explosive activity of low intensity. The occurrence of these events indicates that the gas associated with the moving magma has reached superficial levels. This activity can continue and increase in intensity over the following days or weeks. The staff in charge of monitoring the volcano is attentive to possible changes and changes in activity.

Possible scenarios from days to weeks:
1. Low to moderate explosions continue.
2. There is new growth of lava dome at the top with collapses of incandescent material and lava flows.

Source : UCOL

Photo : Protección Civil Jalisco Uepcbj.


Ecuador , Reventador :


Information Geophysical Institute – EPN

Level of surface activity: high
Superficial trend: no change
Internal activity level: high
Internal trend: no change.

Seismicity (events):
From 27 June 2019, 11:00 to 28 June 2019, 11:00
Events of type Long Period (LP): 22
Explosions (EXP): 28
Tremor of emission (TE): 3
Harmonic tremor (TA): 5

Gas flow (SO2) (ton / day): 340.0 +/- 137.0 Number of measures validated: 8
Rains / lahars: This morning, there were light rains without generating lahars.
Emission column / ash: in the afternoon of yesterday, the volcano was discovered and it was possible to observe an emission of ash from a height greater than 600 meters above the crater, directed towards West.
Other monitoring parameters: No change.

Observations: during the night and until now, the volcano remained cloudy.

Alert level: orange.

Source : IGEPN

Photo : John Arellano via Shérine France  .


Mexico , Popocatepetl :

June 28 at 10:00 am (June 28 at 16:00 GMT).

During the past 24 hours, 138 exhalations have been identified using Popocatépetl volcano monitoring systems, accompanied by water vapor, gas and light amounts of ash. In addition, a volcano-tectonic earthquake was recorded today at 05: 42h, magnitude 1.9, and 36 minutes of tremor.

At the time of writing this report, the volcano maintained a constant emission of water vapor and gas in a preferential West-South-West direction.

Update of June 29th at 00:35 (June 29th at 05h35 GMT).

At 23:26, the monitoring system of the Popocatépetl volcano recorded an explosion accompanied by an ash emission reaching a height of about 1.5 km, directed towards the South-West and incandescent fragments projected at a distance of 1 km from the crater. For the moment, we observe a continuous emission dispersed towards the South-West. Because of the above, there is a likelihood of a slight fall of ashes to this area. The volcanic warning light continues in yellow phase 2, any change will be reported as soon as possible.

The monitoring system of the Popocatepetl volcano operates 24 hours a day. CENAPRED closely monitors any event. Any changes to the monitoring parameters will be reported promptly.

CENAPRED urges DO NOT APPROACH the volcano and especially the crater, because of the risk of falling ballistic fragments, and in case of heavy rain to move away from the bottom of the ravines because of the risk of mudslide and debris .

The warning light of Popocatepetl Volcano is located at YELLOW PHASE 2.

Source : Cenapred .

Photo :  Ricardo Barragan , 02/2019.







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