October 18 , 2020. 


Indonesia , Merapi :

Mount Merapi Activity Report, October 9-15, 2020

The weather around Mount Merapi is generally sunny in the morning and at night, while the afternoon until evening is foggy. There is white smoke, thin to thick with low pressure. A maximum smoke height of 75m was observed from the Mount Merapi observation post in Jrakah on October 15, 2020 at 5:40 a.m. WIB.
Morphological analysis of the crater area based on photos of the southeast sector showed no change in the morphology of the dome. The volume of the lava dome based on measurements using aerial photos with drones on July 26, 2020 is 200,000 m3.

This week, the seismicity of Mount Merapi was recorded with:
56 emissions earthquakes (DG),
41 shallow volcanic earthquakes (VTB),
31 multiphase earthquakes (MP),
5 low frequency earthquakes (LF),
67 avalanche earthquakes (RF),
10 tectonic earthquakes (TT).
The seismic intensity this week is higher than last week.

The deformation of Mount Merapi which was monitored using EDM this week showed a shortening rate of 1 cm / day.

Rain and lahars
This week there was rain at Mount Merapi Observation Post with the highest rainfall intensity of 78mm / hour for 30 minutes at Kaliurang Post on October 15, 2020. There was no report lava or additional flow from the rivers flowing down from Mount Merapi.

Based on the results of visual and instrumental observations, it is concluded that:
1. The lava dome is currently in stable condition.
2. The volcanic activity of Mount Merapi is still quite high and is within the “WASPADA” activity level.

Source : BPPTKG .

Photo : via Anette Selau


Colombia , Doña Juana / Las Ánimas :

Bulletin of extraordinary activity of the Doña Juana and Las Ánimas volcanoes
Volcanic activity continues at: GREEN LEVEL ■ (IV): ACTIVE VOLCANO AND STABLE BEHAVIOR.

From the monitoring of the activity of VOLCANOES DOÑA JUANA and LAS ÁNIMAS, the COLOMBIAN GEOLOGICAL SERVICE (SGC) informs that:

From October 13, 2020 until the time of publication of this bulletin, there has been a significant increase in the seismic occurrence and the energy released by earthquakes associated with rock fracturing, cataloged as Volcano -Tectonics  types (VT); counting until 5:00 p.m. 229 events, including 141 registered today.

With an altitude of 4300 meters above sea level, Las Ánimas is located approximately 11 km northeast of the Doña Juana volcano and 12 km southwest of the Petacas volcano.

Most of these earthquakes were preferentially located southwest of the Las Ánimas volcano, at epicentral distances of between 2 and 4 km from its summit, with depths of between 3 and 5 km (reference level 4200 m of altitude) and magnitudes less than 3.2 on the Richter scale. The occurrence of three earthquakes reported as felt by the inhabitants of the villages of El Troje and Las Ánimas of the municipality of La Cruz stands out, which were recorded at 2:46 a.m., 6:44 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. today, with magnitudes of M3.0, M3.2 and M2.4, respectively. No change was observed in the other parameters of the monitoring of these volcanoes.

This SE looking photo of Doña Juana was taken during aerial surveys on 12 March 2007. The town of La Cruz appears in the foreground, ~13 km W of the volcanic edifice (on the skyline). Courtesy of INGEOMINAS.

Similar seismic activity occurred between August and October 2010, when nearly 1,000 VT-type earthquakes with a maximum magnitude of M2.7 were recorded, several of which were felt and which also generated landslides. land in some areas, especially in the Montoso mountain near the Doña Juana volcano.

The COLOMBIAN GEOLOGICAL SERVICE continues to be attentive to the evolution of the volcanic phenomenon and will continue to report the observed changes in due course.

The forested Doña Juana stratovolcano contains two calderas, breached to the NE and SW. The summit of the andesitic-dacitic volcano is comprised of a series of post-caldera lava domes. The older caldera, open to the NE, formed during the mid-Holocene, accompanied by voluminous pyroclastic flows. The younger caldera contains the active central cone. The only historical activity took place during a long-term eruption from 1897-1906, when growth of a summit lava dome was accompanied by major pyroclastic flows.

Source : SGC. GVP.

Photos : Wikipedia / Noslenb9 , Ingeominas.


Guatemala , Fuego :


Activity type: Vulcanian
Morphology: composite stratovolcano
Geographical location: 14 ° 28’54˝Latitude N; 90 ° 52’54˝Longitude W.
Height: 3763 meters above sea level.

LAHAR in the LAS LAJAS and HONDA ravines.
At 3:20 p.m. (local time) the descent of weak to moderate lahars was recorded in the Las Lajas and Honda ravines, tributaries of the Guacalate river, located to the South-East of the volcano.

The seismic network of INSIVUMEH located on the Fuego volcano, records an increase in the amplitude of the seismic signal as shown by the seismogram of the FG13 station. Heavy rains in the upper part of the ravines of the volcanic complex generate the descent of weak to moderate lahars. These can carry tree branches and volcanic material such as ash and boulders 1 to 2 meters in diameter that cause the ground to vibrate. If the rain persists, the generation of more lahars in these or other ravines of the volcanic complex is not excluded.

Source : Insivumeh .

Photo : Caroline Sarrazin , Rés-EAUx .


Iceland , Seismicity :

Yesterday evening at 22:02 an earthquake M3.3 occurred 1.5 km NW of Húsavík. The earthquake was felt in the surrounding area. Several smaller earthquakes have followed. Uncertainty phase is still in effect due to earthquakes in North Iceland by Civil Protection.

Around 1200 earthquakes were located by the IMO¿s automatic SIL seismic network this week, twice as many as last week then around 570 earthquakes were located. Over 950 have been manually located. The increase in activity is largely explained by an earthquake swarm in the Húsavík-Flatey fault, but the swarm that has been ongoing with breaks in the area since June started up again on 5. October with around 650 earthquakes detected there this week. Seven earthquakes larger than M3 were located in the swarm with the largest M4.1 at 05:47 on 6. October. That was also the largest earthquake of the week. The other six earthquakes larger than M3 were also detected the same day. The largest earthquakes were felt widely in the North of Iceland. More activity than previous week was detected in most areas compared to last week. Two earthquakes were located in Hekla volcano, five in Grímsvötn and two in Bárðarbunga.

Source : Vedur IS

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