July 16, 2019. EN. Italy : Stromboli , Italy : Etna , Alaska : Great Sitkin , Peru : Sabancaya , Indonesia : Merapi .
July 16 , 2019.
Italy , Stromboli :
During the weekend, vigorous explosive and effusive activity have continued at #Stromboli. Here is the latest communiqué from the INGV-Osservatorio Etneo, 15 July 2019, 08:05h UTC.
The Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Osservatorio Etneo, reports that observations made with the surveillance cameras at 400 m elevation and by INGV staff in the field on the island indicate that explosive activity has continued in much the same manner as during the previous days. Yesterday (14 July) evening, there has also been a new lava overflow from the northern area of the crater terrace, which this morning had stopped and was cooling. Lava overflows continue from the central-southern area of the crater terrace, covering the upper to mid portions of the Sciara del Fuoco. Hot material being shed from the active lava flow fronts continues to slide down to the coastline.
As for the seismic activity during the past 24 hours, there has been an increase in the mean amplitude of events associated with the explosive activity. The volcanic tremor continues to oscillate between modest and high amplitude values, and does not show significant variations compared to the previous days.
The photos below were extracted from video of the thermal and visual surveillance cameras located at 400 m elevation on the north side of the Sciara del Fuoco, and show a thermal image of the 14 July lava overflow from the northern vents of the crater terrace, and a particularly strong explosion from the central-southern vent area.
COMMUNICATION N.14, ACTIVITY OF STROMBOLI VOLCANO OF 12.30 (LOCAL TIME) OF 14/07/2019
Monday, July 15th, 2019
From 6h UTC today (15/07/19), there is a marked acceleration of the gas release from the north-east part of the crater terrace, with a SO2 flux reaching very high values (254 t / at 9:45 UTC) (Figures 1 and 2). Similar SO2 flux values were measured only during the 2014 effusive eruption.
This acceleration is coupled with a gradual upward trend in SO2 flux that has persisted since mid-May.
Overall, the data acquired confirms the increase in magma transport in the uppermost parts of the ducts. This is also confirmed by the superficialization of the VLP seismic source.
Figure 1. Historical series of daily averages of SO2 flux from 2014 to present. The star indicates the current value (9.45 UTC on 15/07/19)
Figure 2. Time series of SO2 flux acquired today (updated to 9.33 UTC on 15/07/19)
In recent hours, overpressure, associated with explosive activity, has increased and is 4 to 5 times above average (Figure 3).
The infrasonic network recorded at 19:40 UTC yesterday an explosion of a width of 180 Pa (450 meters from the craters) comparable to the overpressures released during the big explosions.
Figure 3. Trend of infrasonic pressures in the last month. We see how the sound pressure of the explosions increased considerably after the paroxysmal event of July 3, 2019. During the last 12 hours, the overpressure released by the explosive activity is comparable to that recorded during the big explosions.
All data confirm a very high level of explosive activity that reflects a continuous supply of the magmatic column that is now on the surface since the breakthrough.
Please note that this documentation is subject to copyright. Therefore, it may be published in newspapers and / or news sites only if the source is cited and linked:
Source : INGV Vulcani. lgs.geo.unifi.it
Photo : Iacullo Antonio
Italy , Etna :
Since Sunday morning (July 14, 2019), a weak explosive activity is underway (again) at the new crater southeast of Etna. Initially, it was brown ash emissions, but this activity became Strombolian the same day. This activity also continued yesterday morning. More details soon after the publication of a statement of the INGV-Osservatorio Etneo.
The photo was issued on the 14th of July on the route of Mareneve between Fornazzo and Rifugio Citelli and set the occasion of a large brown-haired bouquet featuring the strombolian activity of the new South-Eastern crater.
Source : Boris Behncke.
Alaska , Great Sitkin :
AVO/USGS Volcanic Activity Notice
Current Volcano Alert Level: NORMAL
Previous Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: GREEN
Previous Aviation Color Code: YELLOW
Issued: Monday, July 15, 2019, 11:39 AM AKDT
Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
Location: N 52 deg 4 min W 176 deg 6 min
Elevation: 5709 ft (1740 m)
Volcanic Activity Summary:
Seismic activity at Great Sitkin Volcano has decreased to background levels over the past few weeks. There is no evidence of eruptive activity in geophysical data streams or in satellite observations. Thus, AVO is decreasing the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and Alert Level to NORMAL.
Great Sitkin is monitored with a local real-time seismic network, which will typically allow AVO to detect changes in unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption would be accomplished using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
[Volcanic cloud height] n/a
[Other volcanic cloud information] n/a
Great Sitkin Volcano is a basaltic andesite volcano that occupies most of the northern half of Great Sitkin Island, a member of the Andreanof Islands group in the central Aleutian Islands. It is located 43 km (26 miles) east of the community of Adak. The volcano is a composite structure consisting of an older dissected volcano and a younger parasitic cone with a 3-km-diameter summit crater. A steep-sided lava dome, emplaced during an eruption in 1974, occupies the center of the crater. Great Sitkin erupted at least three times in the 20th century, most recently in 1974. That eruption produced at least one ash cloud that likely exceeded an altitude of 25,000 ft above sea level. A poorly documented eruption occurred in 1945, also producing a lava dome that was partially destroyed in the 1974 eruption. Within the past 280 years a large explosive eruption produced pyroclastic flows that partially filled the Glacier Creek valley on the southwest flank.
Source : AVO
Photo : Dave Clum , 06/2018.
Peru , Sabancaya :
Period of analysis: from July 8 to July 14, 2019. Arequipa, July 15, 2019
Alert level: ORANGE
The Geophysical Institute of Peru (IGP) reports that the eruptive activity of the Sabancaya volcano remains moderate. Therefore, for the following days, no significant change is expected.
The analysis of the recordings obtained from the seismic network of the Sabancaya volcano for the period from 8 to 14 July 2019 has identified approximately 2396 volcanic earthquakes, the highest percentage being associated with the movement of magmatic fluids . During this week, an average of 22 medium to low explosions were recorded each day.
The monitoring of the deformation of the volcanic structure, using GNSS data (processed with fast orbits), presents no significant anomalies. Visual surveillance, using surveillance cameras, identified the appearance of columns of gas and ash up to 2.7 km high above the summit of the volcano, which were dispersed to the sectors East , South-East and North-East of Sabancaya. Satellite monitoring identified 7 volcanic anomalies on the volcano between 6 and 35 MW, associated with the presence of a hot body near the surface and the persistence of explosions.
• Do not approach within 12 km of the crater.
In case of ash fall, cover your nose and mouth with damp cloths or masks.
Source : IGP Pérou .
Photo : Auteur inconnu.
Indonesia , Merapi :
Level of activity at Level II (WASPADA). The Merapi volcano (2968 m altitude) suffered eruptions.
Since yesterday and until this morning, the volcano was clearly visible until it was covered with fog. The smoke from the crater was white in color and 30 meters high. The wind was weak in the west, north-west, north-east, and east.
Through the seismographs, on July 15, 2019, it was recorded:
20 avalanche earthquakes
1 hybrid earthquake
1 distant tectonic earthquake
Mount Merapi’s climbing activity is temporarily not recommended, except for investigation and research related to disaster mitigation efforts.
An area of radius 3 km around the summit must be emptied of activities of the population.
The last VONA code received the GREEN color code, was released on June 3, 2018 at 8:39 pm WIB, due to the presence of a white smoke emission activity with a smoke column height of up to 3768 m above sea level or about 800 m above the summit.
Source : PVMBG
Photo : Oystein Lund Andersen